MARCH 2-5, 2021

(Virtually the same conference, without elevators, airplane tickets, or hotel room keys)


3/05/2021  |   9:30 AM - 12:30 PM   |  The role of socio-economic factors on longitudinal outcomes of children who are deaf or hard of hearing   |  Networking

The role of socio-economic factors on longitudinal outcomes of children who are deaf or hard of hearing

Information about the role of maternal level of education, race/ethnicity, age of the mother, smoking in pregnancy, Medicaid/self pay/insurance, and mothers who were not married on follow-up from UNHS referral. The workshop will review information about the impact of Meeting 1-3-6, maternal level of education, age of the child, on receptive and expressive language, expressive vocabulary in the first three years of life and on pragmatic language and expressive vocabulary at 7 years of age. In addition, the impact of being born after the initiation of UNHS/EHDI on and intervention) for children in 3rd through 10th grades will be reported. Reading proficiency level changes by birth year (after UNHS/EHDI roll-out), eligibility for free and reduced lunch, grade level, laterality of the hearing loss, degree of hearing loss and language spoken in the home will be described. The research results are from an inner-city (urban) school district with 71% eligible for free and reduced lunch, 71% identified as racial/ethnic underrepresented population, and 38% who speak a language other than English in the home. The impact of UNHS/EHDI is throughout the educational lifespan of the child born after the initiation of UNHS/EHDI in the state. Meeting 1-3-6 and Meeting 1-2-3 will be discussed as well as the impact of these two variables on children whose mothers had lower levels of education. Children with unilateral hearing loss from this school district showed similar trends to children with bilateral mild-moderate hearing loss. Additionally, the role of parent conversational characteristics in conjunction with meeting 1-3-6 on pragmatic and expressive vocabulary outcomes of children at 7 years of age will be discussed. Strategies that can enhance parent conversational strategies in early intervention and their impacts on neurological activation in the language areas will be discussed.

  • Participants will be able to describe how maternal level of education impacts developmental outcomes of children who are deaf or hard of hearing and what preventative actions are.
  • Participants will be able to describe the role of EHDI 1-3-6 on developmental outcomes especially related to lower income levels.
  • Participants will be able to describe the role of speaking a language other than English in the home on the developmental outcomes of children who are deaf or hard of hearing and preventive strategies.

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Christine Yoshinaga-Itano (), University of Colorado-Boulder, Christie.Yoshi@colorado.edu;
Dr. Christine Yoshinaga-Itano is a Research Professor in the Institute of Cognitive Science, Center for Neurosciences at the University of Colorado-Boulder, the Department of Otolaryngology and Audiology at the University of Colorado-Denver and the Marion Downs Center. In 1996 she developed the Marion Downs National Center. Since 1996, Dr. Yoshinaga-Itano has assisted many state departments of education and public health agencies, schools for the deaf and the blind, and early intervention programs throughout the United States and its territories. In addition, she has served as a consultant for many countries currently developing their early hearing detection and intervention programs, including the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, China, Korea, Belgium, Poland, Spain, Austria, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, the Netherlands, Mexico, Chile, Argentina, Brazil, Thailand, the Philippines, and South Africa.


Financial -
• Receives Salary for Employment from University of Colorado, Boulder Disability Research Dissemination Center.

Nonfinancial -
• Has a Professional (Scientific Advisory Board) relationship for Board membership.

Mallene Wiggin (), University of Colorado-Boulder, Mallene.Wiggin@colorado.edu;
Mallene Wiggin received her Bachelor of Science degree in Communication Sciences and Disorders from University of the Pacific. She continued her studies at University of Kansas and earned her Master of Arts degree in Speech Pathology. Mallene specialized in children with hearing impairment and worked in cochlear implant centers, early intervention, and educational settings prior to completing her Ph.D. at the University of Colorado - Boulder. Her research interests include speech, language and auditory development in young children with cochlear implants.


Financial -
No relevant financial relationship exist.

Nonfinancial -
No relevant nonfinancial relationship exist.

Allison Sedey (), University of Colorado-Boulder, Allison.Sedey@colorado.edu;
Allison Sedey is a speech pathologist, audiologist, and research associate. She works at the University of Colorado-Boulder and the Colorado School for the Deaf and the Blind and is currently the director of the Outcomes and Developmental Data Assistance Center for EHDI Programs (ODDACE) supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The purpose of this center to expand public health capacity to gather, analyze, and use intervention and developmental outcome data of children who are deaf or hard of hearing between birth and 3 years of age throughout the United States. The center aims to increase our understanding of factors that impact the outcomes of children who are deaf or hard of hearing at the state and national level.


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Nonfinancial -

Craig Mason (), University of Maine, craig.mason@maine.edu;
Craig A. Mason,Ph.D. is a Professor of Education and Applied Quantitative Methods at the University of Maine. He received his PhD in Clinical Child Psychology from the University of Washington and his interests include informatics, newborn hearing loss, and quantitative methods. Dr. Mason has been PI or Co-PI on $15 million in grants and contracts from the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Department of Education. In addition, he has published, presented, and taught on multivariate analysis, multi-level modeling, epidemiological analysis, structural equation modeling, and growth modeling. He has been invited to present on methodology and informatics by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Association for Public Health Statistics and Information Systems, the Department of Health and Human Services, the Association of Maternal and Child Health Programs, and other national organizations.


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Nonfinancial -